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World Economic Outlook (WEO) data, IMF
 
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Output gap in percent of potential GDP
Large Economies
Argentina $328bRussia $1,661b
Australia $1,055bSingapore $190b
Brazil $1,650bSouth Africa $274b
Canada $1,503bSweden $486b
China $4,520bTurkey $730b
Denmark $344bUnited Kingdom $2,657b
France $2,843bUnited States $14,292b
Germany $3,641b
India $1,251b
Italy $2,318b
Japan $4,849b
Korea $931b
Mexico $1,094b
Netherlands $875b
Norway $454b
Debt Crisis
Greece $349b
Ireland $265b
Italy $2,318b
Portugal $253b
Spain $1,601b
All Countries with 2008 gdp bil usd
Islamic Republ $10bBelgium $509bCape Verde $2bDjibouti $bGeorgia $13bIndonesia $511bKyrgyz Republi $5bMalta $9bNiger $5bRwanda $5bSt. Kitts and $bTonga $bVietnam $90bASEAN-5 $1,270b
Albania $13bBelize $1bCentral Africa $2bDominica $bGermany $3,641bIslamic Republ $351bLao People's D $5bMauritania $4bNigeria $207bSamoa $bSt. Lucia $1bTrinidad and T $28bRepublic of Ye $27bLatin America $4,299b
Algeria $172bBenin $7bChad $8bDominican Repu $46bGhana $29bIraq $87bLatvia $33bMauritius $10bNorway $454bSo Tom and P $bSt. Vincent an $bTunisia $45bZambia $15bMiddle East an $2,329b
Angola $84bBhutan $1bChile $179bEcuador $54bGreece $349bIreland $265bLebanon $30bMexico $1,094bOman $61bSaudi Arabia $477bSudan $54bTurkey $730bZimbabwe $4bSub-Saharan Af $940b
Antigua and Ba $1bBolivia $17bChina $4,520bEgypt $162bGrenada $bIsrael $202bLesotho $2bMoldova $6bPakistan $164bSenegal $13bSuriname $3bTurkmenistan $22bWorld $61,167b
Argentina $328bBosnia and Her $19bColombia $236bEl Salvador $21bGuatemala $39bItaly $2,318bLiberia $bMongolia $6bPanama $23bSerbia $48bSwaziland $3bTuvalu $bAdvanced econo $42,063b
Armenia $12bBotswana $14bComoros $bEquatorial Gui $18bGuinea $5bJamaica $14bLibya $98bMontenegro $5bPapua New Guin $8bSeychelles $bSweden $486bUganda $14bEuro area $13,605b
Australia $1,055bBrazil $1,650bDemocratic Rep $12bEritrea $1bGuinea-Bissau $bJapan $4,849bLithuania $48bMorocco $89bParaguay $17bSierra Leone $2bSwitzerland $503bUkraine $180bMajor advanced $32,102b
Austria $416bBrunei Darussa $14bRepublic of Co $12bEstonia $24bGuyana $2bJordan $22bLuxembourg $58bMozambique $10bPeru $126bSingapore $190bSyrian Arab Re $53bUnited Arab Em $315bNewly industri $1,737b
Azerbaijan $46bBulgaria $52bCosta Rica $30bEthiopia $27bHaiti $7bKazakhstan $135bFormer Yugosla $10bMyanmar $31bPhilippines $174bSlovak Republi $95bTaiwan Provinc $400bUnited Kingdom $2,657bOther advanced $5,154b
The Bahamas $8bBurkina Faso $8bCte d'Ivoire $24bFiji $4bHonduras $14bKenya $27bMadagascar $9bNamibia $9bPoland $529bSlovenia $55bTajikistan $5bUnited States $14,292bEuropean Union $18,342b
Bahrain $22bBurundi $2bCroatia $70bFinland $273bHong Kong SAR $215bKiribati $bMalawi $4bNepal $13bPortugal $253bSolomon Island $bTanzania $19bUruguay $30bEmerging and d $19,104b
Bangladesh $84bCambodia $10bCyprus $25bFrance $2,843bHungary $154bKorea $931bMalaysia $223bNetherlands $875bQatar $115bSouth Africa $274bThailand $273bUzbekistan $29bCentral and ea $1,920b
Barbados $4bCameroon $24bCzech Republic $225bGabon $15bIceland $17bKosovo $6bMaldives $2bNew Zealand $132bRomania $204bSpain $1,601bDemocratic Rep $3bVanuatu $bCommonwealth o $2,180b
Belarus $61bCanada $1,503bDenmark $344bThe Gambia $bIndia $1,251bKuwait $147bMali $9bNicaragua $6bRussia $1,661bSri Lanka $41bTogo $3bVenezuela $315bDeveloping Asi $7,435b
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| Select Variable
GDP, constant prices Natl currency |
GDP, constant prices   *   % chg
GDP, current prices   *   Natl currency |
GDP, current prices   *   U.S. $s |
GDP, deflator Index, 2000=100
GDP per capita, constant pri Natl currency
GDP per capita, current pric Natl currency
GDP per capita, current pric U.S. $s
Output gap in percent of pot % of potential GDP
GDP based on PPP valuation o Current intl $ |
GDP based on PPP per capita Current intl $
GDP based on PPP share of wo %
Implied PPP conversion rate Natl currency/$
Total investment % of GDP
Gross national savings % of GDP
Inflation, average consumer Index
Inflation, average consumer % chg
Inflation, end of period con Index
Inflation, end of period con   *   % chg
Six-month London interbank o %
Volume of imports of goods a % chg
Volume of Imports of goods % chg
Volume of exports of goods a % chg
Volume of exports of goods % chg
Value of oil imports U.S. $s |
Value of oil exports U.S. $s |
Unemployment rate   *   % of total labor force
Employment Index, 2000=100
Population   *   Persons |
Govt revenue Natl currency |
Govt revenue % of GDP
Govt total expenditure Natl currency |
Govt total expenditure   *   % of GDP
Govt net lending/borrowing Natl currency |
Govt net lending/borrowing % of GDP
Govt structural balance Natl currency |
Govt structural balance % of potential GDP
Govt primary net lending/bor Natl currency |
Govt primary net lending/bor % of GDP
Govt net debt Natl currency |
Govt net debt % of GDP
Govt gross debt Natl currency |
Govt gross debt   *   % of GDP
GDP corresponding to fiscal Natl currency |
Current account balance U.S. $s |
Current account balance % of GDP
*_popular_variable.
  Output gap in percent of potential GDP   NGAP_NPGDP   Percent of potential GDP (f) = observation is an IMF forecast
cntry code variable cd country data for
all years
1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
  8   AUS | 193 NGAP_NPGDP   Australia Percent of potential GDP   1980-20111.7693.3000.8470-2.343-0.06901.5170.59801.0010.98702.3401.452-1.924-1.735-0.82000.4510-0.1580-0.0460-0.17800.70300.81600.2810-0.6000-0.1480-0.44500.1980-0.0100-0.50901.1050.8650-0.2890-0.2690-0.6790-0.3500(f) -0.3730(f)
  9   AUT | 122 NGAP_NPGDP   Austria Percent of potential GDP   1980-2011-0.2130-2.553-2.450-1.488-3.289-3.058-2.432-0.7900-2.341-1.3470.04700.76000.4930-1.275-1.266-1.529-1.357-1.3730.01901.2022.5661.1860.6980-0.5640-0.09400.24001.8873.6823.248-2.396-1.764-0.4040-1.152(f) -1.125(f)
  16   BEL | 124 NGAP_NPGDP   Belgium Percent of potential GDP   1980-20111.8270.0150-0.6660-1.215-1.592-1.576-1.355-1.6060.29201.4362.0621.5120.8100-2.079-1.175-0.8410-1.529-0.2410-0.69000.37101.5000.0700-0.4560-1.2940.27400.25801.1152.1231.576-2.383-1.258-0.2860-1.168(f) -1.338(f)
  30   CAN | 156 NGAP_NPGDP   Canada Percent of potential GDP   1980-20111.0612.103-3.235-3.340-0.91300.3760-0.57100.50002.0702.6321.500-1.596-1.937-1.4400.80200.6290-1.127-1.202-0.73900.97402.5641.1331.3320.55101.0951.4721.7411.6820.2310-3.967-2.425-1.696-1.487(f) -1.268(f) -0.9210(f) -0.4990(f) -0.1710(f) 0.0730(f)
  43   CYP | 423 NGAP_NPGDP   Cyprus Percent of potential GDP   1980-20102.429-0.7010-0.6300-1.4610.9710-0.3940-2.876-2.176-0.42501.3082.761-1.8781.908-2.350-1.5393.1900.4730-1.495-0.7730-0.10900.91101.228-0.0570-1.561-0.9550-0.8000-0.26801.6112.759-0.8480-1.173-2.413(f) -4.299(f) -4.500(f)
  45   DNK | 128 NGAP_NPGDP   Denmark Percent of potential GDP   1986-201115.7813.5311.2010.249.938-0.6620-1.396-4.037-1.285-0.7390-0.31700.57100.57001.0962.7301.6910.5700-0.48000.49301.7564.1224.7242.976-3.801-3.232-2.799-2.986(f) -2.625(f)
  54   EST | 939 NGAP_NPGDP   Estonia Percent of potential GDP   1995-2011-0.0980-1.0583.1752.461-4.255-1.661-1.174-0.6490-0.1860-0.32102.4977.19810.874.946-9.797-7.620-1.579-1.384(f) -0.4160(f)
  57   FIN | 172 NGAP_NPGDP   Finland Percent of potential GDP   1980-20110.1320-2.136-2.866-2.318-2.310-1.973-1.6560.23003.0645.3743.189-3.408-6.853-8.199-6.051-4.854-4.154-0.98600.1290-0.55900.6230-0.6180-1.670-2.028-0.3020-0.36901.2433.8771.786-7.152-4.568-3.112-3.476(f) -2.739(f)
  58   FRA | 132 NGAP_NPGDP   France Percent of potential GDP   1980-2011-0.25100.71400.5830-0.1700-0.7660-0.9290-0.8110-0.60101.4623.1972.7892.0111.045-1.656-1.210-0.8250-1.949-1.2860.86102.1901.7700.3680-0.8250-0.5150-0.62200.07900.6960-0.6580-4.223-3.644-2.576-2.696(f) -2.495(f) -1.671(f) -0.8970(f) -0.3630(f) 0.0390(f)
  62   DEU | 134 NGAP_NPGDP   Germany Percent of potential GDP   1980-20110.3790-1.418-4.079-4.558-3.982-4.154-4.270-5.405-4.538-3.536-0.78400.49500.0550-2.880-1.538-1.059-1.560-0.9930-0.6090-0.51500.92200.8290-0.2300-1.173-1.135-1.3571.0292.7002.325-3.691-1.5410.2220-0.3990(f) -0.1730(f) -0.1580(f) -0.1090(f) -0.0800(f) -0.0480(f)
  64   GRC | 174 NGAP_NPGDP   Greece Percent of potential GDP   1982-2010-1.216-2.900-1.5770.1770-0.1230-3.306-0.28502.2343.3254.0282.322-1.700-2.238-2.865-3.458-3.063-3.102-3.207-2.360-1.701-1.5801.2252.9853.2056.3958.6888.2604.9922.939-2.464(f) -6.779(f) -6.721(f)
  79   IRL | 178 NGAP_NPGDP   Ireland Percent of potential GDP   1980-20112.2082.0671.322-1.377-0.1610-0.2780-2.139-1.285-1.4850.36403.8761.111-0.1450-3.168-3.523-1.905-2.0430.4180-0.07501.5313.0170.85400.4860-0.7200-0.75900.90003.5957.3743.690-3.410-3.548-2.820-2.715(f) -1.712(f)
  81   ITA | 136 NGAP_NPGDP   Italy Percent of potential GDP   1980-201112.120.9870-0.1740-1.493-0.8400-0.6920-0.40500.17801.6322.5042.1491.2230.0490-2.017-1.2420.2000-0.15000.18400.0220-0.05001.9042.2131.3040.03100.46900.57101.9972.7711.029-4.522-2.858-2.302-3.848(f) -4.087(f) -3.664(f) -2.853(f) -1.952(f) -1.130(f)
  83   JPN | 158 NGAP_NPGDP   Japan Percent of potential GDP   1980-2011-6.485-5.293-4.736-4.430-3.067-0.5130-1.564-1.5431.0821.9553.3733.0971.200-0.6860-1.181-0.54401.0371.228-1.547-2.202-0.7760-1.255-2.020-1.533-0.6060-0.7010-0.42400.2870-1.570-7.332-3.614-4.568-3.009(f) -1.842(f) -0.9080(f) -0.3340(f) -0.0310(f) 0.0800(f)
  88   KOR | 542 NGAP_NPGDP   Korea Percent of potential GDP   1980-2010-2.792-2.187-2.0050.60800.4370-2.342-1.0410.49502.100-0.0930-0.42600.9720-0.9130-1.979-0.51701.6562.9943.714-6.637-1.5750.2100-0.83601.331-0.4540-0.3360-0.75800.09900.0100-0.6710-3.099-0.4010-0.3540(f) -0.0920(f) 0.1960(f)
  99   LUX | 137 NGAP_NPGDP   Luxembourg Percent of potential GDP   1985-20110.97004.1452.3054.8378.8328.54211.898.3097.4636.3322.818-1.722-1.949-1.7350.39703.0850.68900.3420-2.271-2.132-0.89800.37104.1903.371-2.755-0.5440-0.0580-1.143(f) -0.6420(f)
  106   MLT | 181 NGAP_NPGDP   Malta Percent of potential GDP   2000-20102.158-1.199-0.3180-1.467-3.031-1.447-0.64001.3273.221-1.061-0.5790-0.3210(f) -0.8700(f) -0.6850(f)
  118   NLD | 138 NGAP_NPGDP   Netherlands Percent of potential GDP   1980-20112.7910.6470-1.235-0.96501.1221.6991.0090.2460-0.20101.3321.9261.015-0.1250-1.384-0.8960-1.305-0.60800.02400.38801.3481.7601.297-1.115-1.701-0.8760-0.43901.4262.7622.240-2.439-1.162-0.3960-1.628(f) -1.892(f)
  119   NZL | 196 NGAP_NPGDP   New Zealand Percent of potential GDP   1980-20110.93502.3573.238-0.01502.943-0.24400.76301.8470.87601.3370.7970-1.986-3.178-1.1650.90901.5842.1231.133-1.896-0.89300.38100.02401.1001.6502.3872.5460.90401.516-0.2750-3.248-2.626-1.799-1.502(f) -0.2630(f)
  123   NOR | 142 NGAP_NPGDP   Norway Percent of potential GDP   1980-20111.3290.8130-1.012-1.2120.29704.0325.7155.3372.497-0.7550-1.630-2.446-1.853-1.475-0.8840-0.9790-0.89500.64101.4920.52201.0910.5940-0.1090-1.311-0.8640-0.63900.74102.3681.477-0.6910-1.028-0.0390(f) 0.1080(f)
  132   PRT | 182 NGAP_NPGDP   Portugal Percent of potential GDP   1980-20106.9656.4075.1352.689-1.772-3.650-4.116-0.77100.40802.8636.6776.2115.7091.499-0.2760-1.133-0.6390-0.53700.43400.82001.7261.5420.8910-0.9680-0.2700-0.4050-0.00301.2290.1290-2.686-1.439-2.786(f) -5.189(f) -4.668(f)
  145   SVK | 936 NGAP_NPGDP   Slovak Republic Percent of potential GDP   1993-2011-0.6000-0.5000-0.90000.50000.5000-2.000-1.600-0.60000.1000-0.1000-2.570-0.19604.2282.999-3.371-1.033-0.5610-1.457(f) -1.472(f)
  146   SVN | 961 NGAP_NPGDP   Slovenia Percent of potential GDP   1995-2011-0.2540-0.0880-0.0840-1.233-0.4560-0.4820-1.578-1.621-2.297-1.334-0.43902.6077.2069.052-1.092-0.8590-1.972-3.689(f) -3.252(f)
  149   ESP | 184 NGAP_NPGDP   Spain Percent of potential GDP   1980-2010-0.8380-2.955-3.427-3.632-3.878-3.653-3.527-0.93701.3253.4044.4234.1822.307-1.651-1.905-0.4500-2.068-1.1190.18001.2302.3731.9130.67800.42600.77601.6102.9063.8432.387-2.693-3.319-3.069(f) -4.457(f) -4.338(f)
  157   SWE | 144 NGAP_NPGDP   Sweden Percent of potential GDP   1980-20112.5240.54400.04200.08302.4082.8133.8835.4616.1726.8746.8423.9622.7110.58904.3414.6684.5115.8147.1307.3767.3440.1000-0.4000-1.300-1.359-0.12102.5564.2261.657-4.932-1.1860.8150-0.3280(f) -0.0840(f)
  175   GBR | 112 NGAP_NPGDP   United Kingdom Percent of potential GDP   1980-20110.0910-2.081-1.560-0.3650-0.7670-0.7460-0.55100.32701.9862.0761.377-1.670-3.096-3.055-1.349-0.7490-0.61500.03100.47000.53501.2691.0070.41500.54301.0130.81901.1212.1701.339-3.276-2.655-3.193-3.965(f) -3.665(f) -2.906(f) -2.072(f) -1.129(f) -0.0270(f)
  176   USA | 111 NGAP_NPGDP   United States Percent of potential GDP   1980-2011-2.587-1.712-6.355-4.961-1.113-0.4440-0.3860-0.30800.69501.2530.1410-2.749-1.963-1.751-0.5350-0.8920-0.25600.99501.8783.1283.7280.9800-0.4640-0.67600.19400.92700.89700.0990-2.224-6.988-5.129-5.117-4.880(f) -4.402(f) -3.546(f) -2.443(f) -1.146(f) 0.0010(f)
  186   Adva110 | 110 NGAP_NPGDP   Advanced economies Percent of potential GDP   1980-2010-0.6950-1.338-3.641-3.331-1.527-0.9210-0.8950-0.63200.66501.4121.395-0.1340-0.5960-1.651-0.7640-0.5390-0.26400.50200.28301.0152.0930.5910-0.3370-0.73400.00600.32300.96501.327-0.3180-5.120-3.271-3.120(f) -3.219(f) -2.826(f)
  187   Euro163 | 163 NGAP_NPGDP   Euro area Percent of potential GDP   1991-20102.2061.341-1.956-1.359-0.8440-1.433-0.7820-0.23100.20201.5781.2940.1860-0.7160-0.3140-0.23801.3732.6531.602-3.531-2.361-1.447(f) -2.324(f) -2.206(f) -1.734(f) -1.148(f) -0.6570(f) -0.2620(f)
  188   Majo119 | 119 NGAP_NPGDP   Major advanced economi Percent of potential GDP   1980-2010-1.107-1.695-4.242-3.742-1.677-0.9120-1.068-0.97500.48601.2281.126-0.5020-0.8470-1.773-0.8650-0.6930-0.34900.44100.57201.2352.2620.7670-0.3550-0.67600.00800.33700.77600.8290-0.9670-5.933-3.986-3.834(f) -3.708(f) -3.245(f) -2.527(f) -1.704(f) -0.8260(f) -0.0500(f)
    NOTES
    8Australia : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    9Austria : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    16Belgium : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    30Canada : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    43Cyprus : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    45Denmark : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    54Estonia : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    57Finland : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    58France : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    62Germany : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    64Greece : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    79Ireland : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    81Italy : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    83Japan : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    88Korea : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    99Luxembourg : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    106Malta : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    118Netherlands : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    119New Zealand : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    123Norway : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    132Portugal : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    145Slovak Republic : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    146Slovenia : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    149Spain : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    157Sweden : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    175United Kingdom : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).
    176United States : See notes for: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).